Have you ever seen the Northern and Southern Lights? The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC) predict that with the recent solar flares, the Auroras will be visible and can extend southward into the continental United States, from Washington and Idaho in the West to Indiana and Ohio in the Midwest and New England in the Northeast.
This is all possible due to the sun releasing a huge cloud of superheated plasma known as a coronal mass ejection (CME) from an M-class solar flare, on September 4th. The CME is expected to affect Earth overnight tonight, triggering strong geomagnetic storms. In addition to the CME, the sun released two powerful solar flares this morning (September 6th),
At 5:10 a.m. EDT (0910 GMT), an X-class solar flare — the most powerful sun-storm category — blasted from a large sunspot on the sun’s surface. That flare was the strongest since 2015, at X2.2, but it was dwarfed just 3 hours later, at 8:02 a.m. EDT (1202 GMT), by an X9.3 flare, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC). The last X9 flare occurred in 2006 (coming in at X9.0). – Sarah Lewin, Space.com, Associate Editor
The M-class solar flare that happened on Monday (September 4th) is one-tenth the size of an X-class flare. When the sun’s magnetic field twists up and reconnects, it blasts energy outward, superheating the solar surface which cause solar flares. When an X-class solar flare occurs, it can cause radiation storms in Earth’s upper atmosphere which can cause radio blackouts.
The SWPC reported radio blackouts, “wide area of blackouts, loss of contact for up to an hour over [the] sunlit side of Earth.”
Geomagnetic storms super charge the Earth’s Auroras as “the northern and southern lights are generated by charged solar particles hitting molecules in Earth’s atmosphere. The sky show is usually restricted to high latitudes, because our planet’s magnetic field tends to funnel these particles toward the poles.”
If you want to find out if the northern lights will reach you, you can track them using SWPC’s 30-minute aurora forecast tool here: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/node/45
All three of these solar flares come from the same sunspot that is frighteningly, the smaller of two massive spots on the sun’s surface, at only seven Earths wide by nine Earths tall. This description really puts into perspective how large the sun truly is in relation to Earth, with Earth being referenced as a means of measurement.
There is also a full moon today and so tonight, the Auroras may not be as bright due to the moonlight.
In Collective Evolution III: The Shift, we documented how solar flares not only have the ability to produce a beautiful light show for spectators on earth, but also coincide with major world events and have a powerful effect on human consciousness.